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Measurements
An introduction to numerical computation. Emphasis is placed on scientific and engineering notation, the rule of significant figures, and converting between SI and Imperial units.

Fractions, Percentage, Ratios and Proportion
Emphasis here is placed on understanding fractions, percent, and using ratios to compare quantities and set up proportions to solve problems.

Introduction to Algebra

Factoring

Solving Equations

Functions and Graphs

Geometry
This unit focuses on analyzing and understand the characteristics of various shapes, both 2D and 3D.
 Identify, measure, and calculate different types of straight lines and angles
 Calculate the interior angles of polygons
 Solve problems involving a variety of different types of triangles
 Calculate the area of a variety of different types of quadrilaterals
 Solve problems involving circles
 Calculate the areas and volumes of different solids
Solve problems involving a variety of different types of triangles
Triangles are polygons with three sides. The angles between the sides are the interior angles. The total sum of interior angles of any triangle equals 180°. Let’s take a look at some common triangles and their characteristics.
 A scalene triangle is one in which all three angles are different, therefore all its sides have different lengths.
 An acute triangle contains three acute angles. In other words, each angle of an acute triangle is less than 90°.
 An isosceles triangle is one with two equal sides, and the angles making up those two sides are also equal.
 An equilateral triangle is one with three equal sides and angles.
 A right triangle is one that contains a 90°.
Furthermore, an exterior angle of a triangle is the angle between the side of a triangle and an extension of the adjacent side, such as angle θ. An external angle equals the sum of the two opposite interior angles.
Area of a Triangle
There are several different formulas you can use to find the area of a triangle, but depending on what information about the triangle that’s given, you have to decide which one is best to use.
The first formula shown is used when you know the base and height of the triangle. The height is defined as the distance from any vertex directly to the the opposite side (shown below ↓). The key to using this formula, of course, is to know the altitude (height) of a triangle.
Area of a triangle $A=\frac{b\times h}{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}$Where A is the area, b is the base, and h is the height. 
This next formula is used when we know the three sides, but not the altitude.
Hero’s formula (Heron’s formula)
$A=\sqrt{s\left(s\u2013a\right)\left(s\u2013b\right)\left(s\u2013c\right)}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}s=\frac{a+b+c}{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}$
Where A represents the area, a↔c presents each side, and s represents half the perimeter. An example where Heron’s formula is used is shown below:
Similar Triangles
Similar triangles are formed when you have two different triangles both sharing the same three angles. This makes their lengths, while different, proportional to one another. This suggests that similar triangles are not congruent figures, meaning that they’re not identical in both length and angles, as shown below.The first video below will show you how to mathematically identify a pair of similar triangles and explain why they are similar using symbols and letters. You’ll discover that to refer to any angle in a triangle (↓), let’s say angle A (∠A) in the one below – relative to B and C – we write ∠BAC or ∠CAB.
Notice that the angle in reference is always in the middle of the statement.
Pythagorean Theorem
Learning about triangles isn’t complete without knowing the Pythagorean theorem. In a right triangle, the side opposite the right angle is called the hypotenuse, and the other two sides are called legs. The legs and the hypotenuse are related by the Pythagorean theorem.
${a}^{2}+{b}^{2}={c}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}$
A detailed lesson on this matter is shown below: