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Previous poll results: Which is the WORST study habit?
Correct: When viewing a line-up, eyewitnesses have more success identifying a perpetrator if the individual is of the same race as the witness.
There are fewer errors in eyewitness testimony if
a. eyewitnesses view suspects’ photos prior to a line up.
b. eyewitnesses are identifying a person from their own race.
c. a weapon has been used in the crime.
d. questions are phrased to provide retrieval cues for the eyewitness.
Correct: Contrary to popular opinion, eyewitness testimony is often fraught with inaccuracies.
Eyewitness testimony has been found to be
a. highly subject to error.
b. easily dismissed by jury members.
c. more accurate than the legal system assumes.
d. extremely accurate.
Correct: We do not set out to report gross inaccuracies. Memory distortion results from a desire to use logic, expectations, or prejudices to fill in missing information in our recall of events.
Our tendency to distort our memory serves several positive purposes. Which of the following is not one them?
a. It helps us lie.
b. It lets us make the world fit into our expectations.
c. It makes our world more understandable.
d. It lets us organize our experiences into our existing systems of beliefs.
Correct: When we are unable to recall an entire event, we use logic, expectations, or prejudices. Typically this results in distortion of memory.
Memory distortion happens when we try to make the memory fit into
a. a particular set of logic.
b. our beliefs.
c. a set of expectations.
d. the facts.
Correct: According to Bartlett, when we reconstruct memories, we do so on the basis of schemas. These do not necessarily lend any greater accuracy to the reconstructed memories.
Which of the following utilizes some degree of distortion in order to make memories consistent?
a. primacy effects
b. recency effects
c. long-term potentiation
d. schemas